The RSPCA is calling for a government plan to phase out animal experiments
The figures demonstrate the need for strong regulation and increased efforts to develop humane alternatives to end lab animal use.
The statistics released today show that in the UK during 2019:
- 3.40 million scientific procedures were completed on animals last year (3.52 million animals in 2018).
- This figure includes 2.5 million procedures on mice, more than 170,000 on rats, almost 480,000 on fish, over 10,000 on rabbits, over 4,000 on dogs and almost 3,000 on monkeys.
- 52% of the experimental procedures undertaken were categorised as causing animals 'mild' suffering, 28% involved 'moderate' suffering and 4% involved 'severe' suffering.
Figures are not dropping quickly enough
Dr Penny Hawkins, head of the RSPCA research animals team, said:
The figures published today are yet another stark reminder of the use and suffering of sentient animals every year in experiments in the UK. Overall numbers have dropped again, but this isn't happening anywhere near quickly enough.
The millions of animals used in UK labs every year can't wait forever - and nor can the public. People say they want to see more done to develop humane alternatives and we strongly agree.
As one of the largest users of lab animals currently anywhere in Europe, the UK has a responsibility to lead the agenda on phasing out animal use, and the law also requires that alternatives are used wherever possible. It's time for the government to show that it's taking this issue seriously, by setting out a coordinated action plan for achieving the goal of ending lab animal use. The current lack of a clear commitment to this is simply not good enough."
Coronavirus has put more of a spotlight on animals in research
The use of animals in research has been in the news more regularly over the past few months as attempts are made to try and better understand and halt the spread of COVID-19, and develop effective vaccines and treatments.
Researchers are using many different approaches including computer modelling, experiments using living cells, human trials and clinical case studies - and animal experiments.
Animals in research are still commonly used
Dr Hawkins continued:
Many areas of research and testing unfortunately still rely on traditional methods using animals, when in fact this should be the last resort. If humanity is to have a chance of tackling the many challenges facing us as the 21st century unfolds, there will have to be a drastic rethink of the way that science is carried out.
We believe that the government's much-publicised new 'roadmap' for UK science must include prioritising the development of advanced non-animal technologies. These have vast potential to deliver significant scientific, economic, ethical and animal welfare benefits - but there has to be investment, commitment and confidence in these techniques.
Millions of lab animals are still used
Separate Home Office statistics published in 2018 show that in addition to the animals involved in actual scientific procedures, around 1.8 million lab animals are bred and then killed each year so that their organs and tissues can be used in research, or because they are deemed to be 'surplus' for example. Taking these figures together, animal research and testing involve more than five million animals in the UK alone.
Dr Hawkins said:
Around 40-50 million animals will have been used for scientific purposes in the UK alone over the last decade. That is a truly staggering impact on animals, each of whom is sentient and capable of experiencing pain, suffering and distress.
Lab inspections have reduced
Past Annual Reports from the Animals in Science Regulation Unit have highlighted that over recent years the number of official inspections of UK animal research labs has also plummeted, from 1,984 in 2010 to just 653 in 2018.
Dr Hawkins concluded:
The public is entitled to expect strong controls on animal experiments that will be robustly enforced. The year on year decrease in the number of official inspections of labs using animals is a very worrying trend, which the public might well interpret as representing a more relaxed, hands-off approach to regulation.
Find out more information about the work of our research animals team.
- Home Office (2020) 'Annual statistics of scientific procedures on living animals, Great Britain 2019'
- Home Office (2018) 'Additional statistics on breeding and genotyping of animals for scientific procedures, Great Britain 2017'
- Home Office 'Animals in Science Regulation Unit Annual Reports'
- The UK Government's 'Research and Development Roadmap' (July 2020)
- The full results of the latest Ipsos Mori poll on 'Public attitudes to animal research (in 2018)'