Illegal wildlife trafficking in Latin America: the impact of Asian demand on five species
Wildlife trafficking is wreaking havoc on populations of many species around the world. In Latin America, where 40% of the world's biodiversity is housed, this illegal activity has intensified in some species whose demand has grown in markets such as Asia.
Despite the fact that the illegal trade in species is considered to move around 10 billion dollars a year, in some Latin American countries this activity is not classified as a serious crime. In Uruguay, for example, it is considered as a simple infraction; while in Panama, the maximum penalty for trafficking fauna or flora is five years.
During the first High Level Conference of the Americas on Illegal Trade in Wildlife, which was held last October in Lima, Peru, representatives of 20 countries signed an agreement that contains 21 actions to prevent the continued trafficking of species in the region.