Library

Displaying 1 - 24 of 189 Publications

Joint call to the European Commission to honour participatory democratic tools

Political Advocacy
Letter

Democratic participatory tools, designed to empower citizens in shaping EU legislation, are being disregarded by the European Commission (EC), raising concerns over the lack of action on commitments made in response to European Citizens' Initiatives (ECIs).

In a joint letter addressed to Commission Vice President Věra Jourová, Eurogroup for Animals and Slow Food expressed their concern on the inaction of the EC in response to citizens’ demands. Specifically, the NGOs highlighted the ECIs "End the Cage Age" and "Save bees and farmers!" , which both initially received clear commitments from the EC, only to be later backtracked.

Paving the way for higher welfare broiler breeds in the EU: From market initiatives to legislation

Farm Animals
White Paper

In order to achieve higher animal welfare in the broiler farming industry, ‘fast-growing’ broiler breeds must be phased out, and only higher welfare, slower-growing breeds should be permitted to be farmed under EU law.

In this white paper, we dive into how different European countries have been approaching a shift to farming slower-growing broiler breeds, and explore existing market initiatives geared at improving broiler welfare, including the European Chicken Commitment.

We also provide clear and comprehensive suggestions for the paths policy-makers could take to legislate on higher welfare breeds, and present three different options: the most protective and preferred option (which provides an adaptable, positive list of breeds authorised for farming), the intermediary option (which would be to establish a negative list of breeds forbidden to be farmed), and the option with the lowest protection (which would be to include an average daily weight gain threshold in the legislation, above which breeds could not be approved to be farmed).

Download the white paper to find out more.

Teaser image in library view: © Compassion in World Farming

Hunting survey report

Wildlife
Report

This survey aims to explore the attitudes and perceptions of residents in rural communities
towards hunting practices. It seeks to gather valuable insights into the complex relationship between rural populations and hunting.

The survey was conducted by Savanta in November 2023 among a sample of 10,000 inhabitants of rural areas in the following Member States of the European Union: Germany, France, Spain, Netherlands, Italy, Belgium, Poland, Denmark, Sweden and Romania.

#SaveStripes: Recommendations for EU-Vietnam cooperation on Tigers

Trade & Animal Welfare
Policy Briefing

EU-Vietnam collaboration holds the key to combatting the dire threats facing tigers. A shared initiative with FOUR PAWS, this policy briefing serves as a rallying call for urgent action to address the rampant tiger trade and improve the welfare of captive tigers.

Live animal transport: due time to change the rules

Farm Animals
White Paper

In the European Union, Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 applies to the transport of animals that takes place within and from the EU in connection with an economic activity. A vast range of animal species are transported within the EU and beyond for commercial activities, but the Transport Regulation does not guarantee effective protection to all of them. The majority of its provisions refer only to the welfare of certain terrestrial farmed animal species: the requirements for the transport of fish, companion animals and equines are less developed; and measures to ensure the welfare of a large group of species transported for scientific purposes are completely absent.

This white paper is Eurogroup for Animals’ response to the European Commission’s stated aims in revising the Transport Regulation: “to align it with the latest scientific evidence, broaden its scope, make it easier to enforce and ultimately ensure a higher level of animal welfare”. As a general principle, the revised Transport Regulation should adhere to the basic principles of reducing, refining and replacing live transport, whenever applicable.

Originally published in 2021, this white paper received an update in 2024 to factor in recent European Food Safety Authority opinions on live transport, the results of the 2023 special Eurobarometer on animal welfare and more.

This updated version also includes a critical analysis of the European Commission’s recent proposal for a revised regulation on the protection of animals during transport and related operations.

The social costs of avian influenza and other animal diseases

Farm Animals
Scientific Statement

In 2016, the World Organisation for Animal Health stated that 101 out of 116 surveyed countries had reported having major animal disease outbreaks since the year 2000. Over 350 outbreaks were reported, with over a quarter being avian influenza.

This report is an analysis of scientific studies and reports on the impacts of avian influenza and other notable zoonoses on society. It explores the link between low animal welfare standards and public health - highlighting how the financial and societal impacts of these outbreaks should not be ignored - and outlines the steps that need to be taken to prevent the ongoing infectious disease crisis affecting both animals and humans.

Terrestrial animal slaughter: time to change the rules

Farm Animals
White Paper

This White Paper details part of Eurogroup for Animals’ response to the outdated animal welfare legislation, which includes the Council Regulation 1099/2009 (Slaughter Regulation). The Slaughter Regulation entered into force in 2013 and, already at that time, the co-legislators stressed that, as scientific and technical progress is regularly made with regard to the construction, layout, and equipment of slaughterhouses, and with regard to the handling and restraining of animals, it was important to authorise the European Commission to amend the requirements applicable in these regards.

Eurogroup for Animals believes that a comprehensive approach is needed to ensure that the equipment used and procedures followed in slaughterhouses do not cause unnecessary fear, pain and distress to farmed animals.

Genetically altered animals used in biomedical research

Animals in Science
Position Paper

The use of genetically altered animals has become routine within biomedical and pharmaceutical research. However, a number of serious ethical, welfare and safety concerns arise from the creation and use of genetically altered animals.

Eurogroup for Animals is opposed to the use of animals in science, testing and education which causes animals pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm.

A survey on attitudes towards large carnivores

Wildlife
Report

This survey aims to explore the attitudes and perceptions of residents in rural communities
towards large carnivores. It seeks to gather valuable insights into the complex relationship between rural populations and the coexistence with large carnivores (wolves, bears and lynx).

The survey was conducted by Savanta in November 2023 among a sample of 10,000 inhabitants of rural areas in the following Member States of the European Union: Germany, France, Spain, Netherlands, Italy, Belgium, Poland, Denmark, Sweden and Romania.

Extreme breeding in Europe

Cats & Dogs
Report

Extreme breeding has become a major animal welfare concern, especially in the last decade with the surge in popularity of extremely brachycephalic (flat-faced) dogs and other companion animals showing extreme features. Countries across Europe have tried with varied success, different initiatives from education, media campaigns, to regulation, legislation and multi stakeholder working groups to name a few, to tackle the issue.

This report aims at mapping the existing legislation on extreme breeding and extreme features in the EU and other European countries. Aware of the already applied measures across the EU Member States, and having the EU consumer and the EU Single Market in mind, the report is calling for EU-wide legislative initiative as a prominent instrument to effect change.

A data dump of suffering: The EU’s long-distance trade in farm animals exposed

Farm Animals
Report

A cache of unpublished records obtained in summer 2023 reveals disturbing new evidence on the extent and nature of the EU’s trade in farm animals.

The data comprises official planning records relating to more than 180,000 consignments of animals, moving between EU countries and to non-EU countries between October 2021 – April 2023. It clearly shows that the rules for live transport are not robust or detailed enough to truly protect the welfare of animals in the sector.

A joint report by Eurogroup for Animals and Compassion in World Farming.

Scientific declaration on insect sentience and welfare

Farm Animals
Scientific Statement

This scientific declaration contains signatures from scientists and academics across various fields who consider that the available body of evidence regarding insect biology, sentience, and welfare is sufficiently strong for policymakers and insect producers to regulate and implement evidence-based welfare measures.

Enhancing insect welfare: assessing dietary practices for farmed insects in the European Union

Farm Animals
Report

As of November 2023, ten species of insect are currently authorised (or are pending authorisation) to be farmed in Europe. While the insect farming industry is rapidly developing and is already rearing insects by the billions, clear rules on their welfare are still missing due to lack of research and interest from policymakers.

This report explores one critical welfare consideration that is currently being overlooked: the diets of farmed insects. It describes what each species is being fed on insect factory farms in the EU, and offers recommendations for improvement. Ultimately, through positive diet change, this research aims to improve farmed insects' quality of life in a rapidly-expanding sector that shows no sign of slowing down.

Foreword by Eurogroup for Animals. Report by Dr. Helen Lambert and Dr. Amelia Cornish.

Business case: the benefits of a carcass over a live animal trade

Farm Animals
Report

Eurogroup for Animals commissioned Human Behaviour Change for Life (HBCL) to write this report: ‘Business case: the benefits of a carcass over a live animal trade’.

This document considers the business case for a change to the export of carcass meat instead of live animals from the European Union (EU) to third countries. It includes the current economic, environmental, and societal challenges and opportunities that these different approaches present.

The research provides a unique insight into the costs of the trade through the development and use of innovative modelling, frameworks, case studies and evidence-based approaches. It enables the consideration of how a move from live animal export towards a meat and carcass trade could be advantageous for the agricultural sector, the environment, and wider society.

Stop cruel imports! Applying EU animal welfare standards to all products placed on the EU market

Trade & Animal Welfare
Policy Briefing

According to the most recent Eurobarometer on animal welfare, 93% of European citizens want imported animal products to respect the same animal welfare standards as those applied in the European Union (EU). EU citizens do not want their consumption to fuel inhumane and unsustainable models of production beyond the EU’s borders. This report describes, for each key species, the impact that imposing animal welfare import requirements could have on source countries. To do so, it looks at the share that the EU market represents for top source countries - from an amount and a value perspective - and compares animal welfare standards with those applied in the EU. As exporters are often large multinational companies, it also identifies the commitments these companies have already adopted in the field of animal welfare, often beyond the legislative requirements where they are based.

The culling of day-old poultry

Farm Animals
Position Paper

In this Position Paper, we explain how we’d like the EU to address the issue of day-old poultry culling, which namely affects ducklings and male chicks in the farming sector.

Call for publication of updated animal welfare legislative proposal within current political term

Political Advocacy
Letter

The current animal welfare legislation is outdated and in need of an urgent update to respond to societal expectations and scientific evidence, both of which have evolved dramatically while EU animal welfare rules have largely remained unchanged. As the revision of the animal welfare legislation moves towards its due publication date in Q3 of 2023, the 600+ undersigned stakeholders have addressed European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen with their their expectation and full support for the swift publication of a future-focussed and comprehensive legislative proposal within this political term.

Cage enrichment on fur farms: Inadequate and unworkable

Wildlife
Report

This reports provides an overview of current housing standards for mink, foxes and racoon dogs farmed for their fur in European countries, and confirms, through scientific evidence, that attempts to introduce cage enrichment or alternative housing systems to improve animal welfare are doomed to failure.

European Research Area action “Towards medical sciences and regulatory testing without the use of animals”

Animals in Science
Guidelines

In its response to the European Citizens’ Initiative ‘Save cruelty-free cosmetics – Commit to a Europe without animal testing’, the European Commission proposed a European Research Area policy action to reduce animal use in research and regulatory testing. This action aims to mobilise Member States to streamline their national and regional policies to reduce the use of animals in research and testing, while accelerating the development, validation and uptake of non-animal methods.

Achieving the goal to phase-out the use of animals in science requires the active involvement of a substantial number of stakeholders operating at Member State level. These actors include national/regional regulatory agencies, ministries, industry, other funding bodies, academia and ethics committees. This working document provides examples of actions that can be taken jointly by Member States to accelerate the transition towards medical science and regulatory testing without the use of animals.

Symbiotic Guardians: At the intersection of animal welfare, human rights and the environment

Trade & Animal Welfare
Policy Briefing

In February 2022 the European Commission published its proposal for a Directive on Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence. This directive shall require from EU companies, as well as certain non-EU companies operating in the EU, to address human rights and environmental issues in their value chains through mandatory due diligence for human rights, environmental, and climate-change concerns.

This legislative proposal is an opportunity for the EU and its Member States to address animal welfare throughout international supply chains. By including animal welfare in the due diligence efforts imposed on companies, the EU and its Member States would better contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the legislation. Indeed, improving animal welfare throughout the value chain would benefit the right to health by reducing the risk of food-borne diseases and zoonoses and by allowing to lessen the use of antibiotics in livestock farming, one of the key triggers of the current surge in antimicrobial resistance. It would also provide leverage to fight human rights violations in the animal agriculture industry.

The illusion of choice: Why someone already decided what you will eat for lunch

Farm Animals
Report

A new report by the 'Put Change on the Menu' coalition (Eurogroup for Animals, the European Public Health Alliance and the European Consumer Organisation).

There's growing evidence that our food choices are shaped by the ‘food environments’ we navigate in.* Most people, however, do not realise the extent to which our eating habits are steered by powerful influences in our everyday lives, from the food ads that are pushed in front of us to the 'promos' and discounts on offer at our local supermarkets.

Unfortunately, today’s food environments largely steer us towards diets which are not in-line with healthy eating recommendations, high animal welfare standards, or the European Commission's vision for sustainable food and farming.

This report takes a look at the critical role of food environments in encouraging citizens to shift to healthy, more plant-based diets with ‘less and better’ animal source foods, and argues why these environments should be a critical consideration when the Commission works on its Framework for Sustainable Food Systems legislation this autumn (2023). It was launched at an event on July 28 - watch the recording here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Jrtx_mbUk8

* Food environments are the “physical, economic, political and socio-cultural context in which consumers engage with the food system to make their decisions about acquiring, preparing and consuming food”. (Source: HLPE ‘Nutrition and food systems’ report)

Annual Report 2022 - 2023

Political Advocacy
Annual Report

2022 has been an extraordinary year, both in terms of the challenges it has posed and the wealth of opportunities to advance our work for animal protection in Europe and beyond.

Dive into our Annual Report 2022 - 2023 and discover the highlights of the year and the major advances for animals.

Save Cruelty Free Cosmetics: Briefing following the ECI

Animals in Science
Policy Briefing

This briefing has been prepared on behalf of five animal protection NGOs campaigning at EU level to end animal testing (Cruelty Free Europe, Eurogroup for Animals, the European Coalition to End Animal Experiments, Humane Society International/Europe and PETA), in follow-up to the successful European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) ‘Save Cruelty Free Cosmetics – Commit to a Europe without Animal Testing’ [1], which was declared valid on 25th January 2023 with 1,217,916 signatures and promoted by over 100 national organisations.

Animal Welfare in the EU-Australia FTA

Trade & Animal Welfare
Factsheet

The EU and Australia are nearing the end of negotiations for a free trade agreement, with both sides expecting talks to conclude this summer. It is therefore critical that the partners take the opportunity of these final stages to achieve ambitious provisions on animal welfare in the agreement, including the recommendations outlined in this EU-Australia factsheet