Animal Welfare, Trade and Sustainable Development Goals
Animal welfare is an important moral concern in its own right and an inherent element of sustainability. On the one hand, industrial animal agriculture not only has low welfare standards but also puts several of the SDGs out of reach, including those related to smallholder livelihoods, food security, biodiversity, the environment and climate change. On the other hand, improving the welfare of working animals can contribute positively to several SDGs. Using trade policy to impact animal welfare is thus crucial to achieve the SDGs.